Upper Limb Prosthetic

Functional prostheses for all levels of upper limb amputation

The primary objective for upper extremity prosthetics is to the meet vocational, recreational and general lifestyle needs of a patient, and achieve an aesthetically pleasing outcome. This demands a highly individualised approach to making upper limb prosthetics.

The advancements and improvements in upper extremity prosthetics in the last two decades have been significant. Application of computer-aided technology has greatly improved appearance, function and performance.


Body Powered Prostheses (Conventional)

The most common type of upper limb prostheses, Body Powered Prostheses allow an individual to control the terminal device (usually a hook or a hand) via a harness system that fits around the chest and shoulder. This type of prosthesis is very reliable and can be used in environments involving dust and water.

Externally Powered Prostheses (Myo-electric)

Externally Powered Prostheses use a battery-powered electric motor to control the terminal device, eliminating the need for a harness system. Sensors, embedded in the socket, pick up an EMG signal on the skin and transfer it to a processor which controls the functions of the motor. Intensive training is essential to ensure a successful outcome. New developments like pattern-recognising software will improve the functionality of these systems greatly.

Hybrid Systems

Hybrid systems are a combination of externally powered and body-powered prostheses. This type of prosthesis can be used for Transhumeral (above-elbow) amputees, providing functional restoration of elbow and hand. Usually, the elbow joint is controlled via a harness system and the terminal device is controlled through an externally power source, e.g. myo-electrically.

Cosmetic Prostheses

This type of prosthesis is purely cosmetic and limited in function. We do not specialise in custom silicone products and therefore apply a standard cosmetic glove to match individual skin colour. This is an excellent choice for people who want a lightweight solution to look complete. Typically, the prosthetic hand will have wiring to allow the fingers to be bent in a functional manner to type on a computer keypad or mobile phone.

Sport & Recreation

These prostheses are usually very task specific and a patient may have a couple of interchangeable terminal devices to enable them to accomplish different tasks. We specify TRS terminal devices that are specially designed for sport and recreation.

Upper Limb Prosthetics FAQs